Ministry of Natural Resources and Forestry
Forest Tenure Modernization

Ontario’s Forest Tenure Modernization Plan

Forest Tenure Modernization Implementation

MNRF’s plan for implementing forest tenure modernization includes overseeing the transition in some areas to more inclusive models that meet the objectives of tenure modernization, including:

  • Local Forest Management Corporations (LFMCs)
  • Enhanced Sustainable Forest License Companies (Enhanced SFL companies)

Local Forest Management Corporations (LFMCs)

Local forest management corporations are established by regulation under the Ontario Forest Tenure Modernization Act.  Nawiinginokiima Forest Management Corporation was established as the first LFMC in May of 2012. Currently, there are discussions underway with the intention of establishing a second LFMC in the Temagami area.

An LFMC is a financially self-sustaining Crown agency that will:

  • hold a sustainable forest license and manage forests sustainably
  • have open and transparent business plans
  • improve upon current models by being more responsive to local and regional interests and concerns
  • enable access to a predictable and competitively priced supply of Crown wood

Each LFMC has a locally-based board of directors appointed by the Ontario government that meets certain skills and qualifications. 

Enhanced Sustainable Forest License Companies (Enhanced SFLs)

The establishment of new Enhanced SFL companies is guided by the Principles for Enhanced Sustainable Forest Licence Implementation. Enhanced SFL companies are designed to meet the objectives of forest tenure modernization.  The composition, structure, and governance of Enhanced SFL companies is flexible, addressing local circumstances and interests including:

  • Local First Nation and Métis communities
  • Local communities
  • Local forest industry

On April 2018, Ondaadiziwin Forest Management Inc. became the first Enhanced Sustainable Forest Licence company. The company holds a Sustainable Forest Licence and is responsible for the Lac Seul Forest in northwestern Ontario. The Lac Seul Forest is about 800,000 ha in size. Ondaadiziwin Forest Management Inc. has a local board of directors with both forest industry and First Nation members. The local community of Sioux Lookout and local independent harvesters are represented in advisory bodies created under the modernization tenure model. 

 

Discussions are underway in a few other locations to establish Enhanced SFL companies.

 

 

 
1 From “Aquatic Ecosystems of the Far North of Ontario: State of Knowledge” 2011, page 5
2 Ontario’s interests are represented in community based land use planning, joint planning teams and preparation of the Far North Land Use Strategy, by the Ministry of Natural Resources and Forestry (MNRF)
3 MNRF represents Ontario’s interests on joint planning teams
4 Under the Far North Act, 2010, if a community based land use plan is made or amended after a mining claim, mining lease, patents or license of occupation for mining purposes is issued in an area to which the plan applies, nothing in the plan shall affect the validity of the mining claim, mining lease, patents or license of occupation (see section 14(3) of the Far North Act, 2010)
5 Pauingassi and Little Grand Rapids are communities located in Manitoba but with areas of traditional use that span into Ontario.
6 Ministry of Municipal Affairs and Housing, Provincial Policy Statement: Under the Planning Act, April 30, 2014, p.40 http://www.mah.gov.on.ca/AssetFactory.aspx?did=10463
7 Colombo, S.J., D.W. McKenney, K.M. Lawrence and P.A. Gray. 2001. Climate change projections for Ontario: Practical information for policymakers and planners. Ontario Ministry of Natural Resources and Forestry, Climate Change Research Report CCRR-05, Sault Ste. Marie, ON pg. 49
8 Sustainability in a Changing Climate: A Strategy for the Ontario Ministry of Natural Resources and Forestry, pg.9
9 Colombo, S.J., D.W. McKenney, K.M. Lawrence and P.A. Gray. 2001. Climate change projections for Ontario: Practical information for policymakers and planners. Ontario Ministry of Natural Resources and Forestry, Climate Change Research Report CCRR-05. Sault Ste. Marie, ON.
10 For further information on peatlands, see box “Peatslands – Carbon Sink vs Resource?”.
11 Ontario’s Climate Change Action Plan 2007 and “Climate Ready”, see http://www.ontario.ca/ministry-environment
12 “Sustainability in a Changing Climate” (MNRF, 2011)
13 Canadian Wetland Classification System, Second Edition, By the National Wetlands Working Group / Edited by B.G. Warner and C.D.A. Rubec, 1997, pg 1 http://www.gret-perg.ulaval.ca/fileadmin/fichiers/fichiersGRET/pdf/Doc_generale/Wetlands.pdf
14 “Science for a Changing Far North”, April 2010, page 68
15 The Guide for Crown Land Use Planning sets out designations used in planning south of the Far North boundary. The Guide for Crown Land Use Planning does not apply in the Far North, however the designations and other policies in the Guide can help inform the development of designations and guidance for use in community based land use planning in the Far North.
16 These prohibitions are in keeping with international standards for protected areas
17 The Far North Act, 2010 provides the Minister with the ability to regulate categories of protected area to provide greater certainty about the categories and the permitted/non permitted uses.
18 The Far North Act, 2010 requires that community based land use plans must specify a review timeframe, which shall not be more frequently than once every 10 years after the plan is approved. (Section 9(9)(f)).